Vietnam, It is also the molecular basis of important pathophysiological processes involved in immune responses and inflammation. The Waters-2695 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography System, using the Sunfire C18 column (150 × 10 mm i.d., 10 μm) coupled to a Waters 2998 photodiode array detector (Waters, Milford, MA), was used in the present study. The resulting MS/MS data were processed using Maxquant (v.188.8.131.52). ORSTOM éditions. Figure 6. Fruit of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Marinoid J from (A) marina ameliorates the cognitive and behavioural impairment of VD rats. Conhec. This species has three varieties, with significant genetic mixing where their distribution overlaps. On the sixth day after the start of training, a spatial exploration experiment was performed. Pl. Porphyridium purpureum has been utilized in important industrial and pharmaceutical fields. In China, the leaves, fruits, bark gum, and liquids of the mangrove plant, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) But it grow on mangrove which is highly polluted. Aldabra: 219, fig. Individual flowers are protandrous and open for 2-5 days, while a flower cluster has open flowers for 2-4 weeks. We found that marinoid J significantly decreased neuronal apoptosis in VD rats, thereby alleviating the symptoms of VD. The cellular components included synapses, supramolecular complexes, and cellular junctions. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Collenette, Fl. Dispersal in Avicennia marina was related to attributes of the propagules and their response to environmental conditions. Group differences in the escape latency in the Morris water maze task were analysed by using two-way ANOVA with repeated measures, the factors being group and time. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun. Gomes e Sousa, Dendrol. Further comprehensive studies should be performed to clarify the use of CCCK-18 levels as a biomarker for other neuronal diseases. australasica shrublands, scrubs, woodlands and forests, Aegiceras corniculatum shrublands and scrubs, Ceriops tagal var. Bot. : 629 (1949). Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Thus, pharmacological manipulation of marinoid J may offer a novel opportunity for VD treatment. Queensland, Lam & Bakh. HPD750, DA-201, DM-130, and AB-8 macroporous adsorption resins were purchased from Zhengzhou Qinshi Technology Co., Ltd. (Zhengzhou, China); echinacoside was purchased from Chinese Pharmaceutical Organisms Inspection Institute (Hangzhou, China); carbon-18 reverse-phase silica gel (Chromatorex, SMB100-20/45) was purchased from Fuji Silysia Chemical Ltd. (Kasugai Aichi, Japan); trypsin was purchased from Promega Corporation (Madison, WI); Calbiochem protease inhibitor was purchased from Shanghai Yubo Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (Shanghai, China); and a BCA Kit was purchased from Biyuntian Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (Shanghai, China). Molecular structure of marinoid J. In some classifications, it has been placed in the family Verbenaceae, but more recently has been placed by some botanists in the monogeneric family Avicenniaceae. Somalia, Avicennia was named for an Iranian philosopher and physician who lived from 980 to 1037 A.D. His alias was Avicenna but his real name was Abu Ali Al-Husayn Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Sina. 2015). The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Norfolk Is., Marinoid J reduce the oxidative stress in the brain of VD rats. : 2, fig. Peptides were loaded onto an EASY-n LC 1000 Ultra High Liquid Phase System maintaining a flow rate of 800 nL/min. Propagules extended their hypocotyl and developed root primordia within a few weeks, hence the phase of obligate dispersal is about 1 week. Avicennia marina subsp. 2011; Ning et al. Xiang-xi Yi, Jia-yi Li, Zhen-zhou Tang, Shu Jiang, Yong-hong Liu, Jia-gang Deng, Cheng-hai Gao, Marinoid J, a phenylglycoside from Avicennia marina fruit, ameliorates cognitive impairment in rat vascular dementia: a quantitative iTRAQ proteomic study , Pharmaceutical Biology, 10.1080/13880209.2020.1837187, 58, 1, (1211-1220), (2020). To some extent, a decreased number of CD34+ cells can be mirrored by down-regulated CD34 proteins. Our present study showed that abnormal expression of SYT2 may be related to the occurrence of VD, and PGs may decrease the expression of SYT2 in VD rats, thereby alleviating the symptoms of VD rats. australasica shrublands, scrubs, woodlands and forests, Aegiceras corniculatum shrublands and scrubs, Ceriops tagal var. Fl. To evaluate the neural-specific effects of marinoid J in rats, we performed histopathological examination of the hippocampal CA1 region in the rat brain; the results are shown in Figure 3. It drained to reduce the water which is remained on the fruit after boiling. Proteomic analysis of rat hippocampal proteins identified 45 DEPs in the marinoid J group compared with those in the VD group. Otherwise, data were analysed by one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey’s post hoc test. marina. When eluted with 40% ethanol at a flow rate of 6 mL/min, PGs with a purity of 76.68% were obtained. Studies have found that it contains marinoid J, a novel phenylethanoid glycoside (PG) compound, but its neuroprotective functions are largely unknown. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. The mass tolerance of the precursor ion was set to 20 ppm in the first search and 5 ppm in the main search, and the mass tolerance of the fragment ion was set to 0.02 Da. Vierh. The false discovery rate was adjusted to <1% and the lowest score of the peptide was set to >40. (Acanthaceae) is used as a Chinese herb. Rat VD model (Chen et al. Signal transmission at the neuromuscular junction is mediated via the release of acetylcholine from synaptic vesicles. First, for protein extraction, at the end of the experiment, rats were anaesthetised, and their brains were quickly harvested and mixed with lysis buffer. These results show that marinoid J reduced neuronal damage caused by ischaemia. Tasmania, Dynamic exclusion was used within 30 s to prevent repeated scanning of the parent ions. Inhaca Isl., Moçamb. All Avicennia spp. Vascular dementia (VD) is a form of senile dementia characterized by loss of cognitive function. 3, 3: 102 (1921), pro parte. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. (2006). It is expressed in single-layer epithelial tissues throughout the body. While charismatic trees like Spruce have only a single cambria near the bark to carry freshwater, Avicennia Marina have many cambria, with a variety of phylum and xylem to support complex water transportation processes. New Zealand North, resinifera fruit. Avicennia exhibits cryptovivipary, in which the embryo emerges from the seed coat but remains in the fruit before falling from the parent plant. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Eritrea, Philippines, Govaerts, R. (1995). Avicennia marina var. Socotra, Ci. In our present study, the upregulation of CD34 in VD rats and relative CD34 downregulation after PG treatment suggests that PGs may exert anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. Such local production however, has only been able to partially meet the requirements of large-scale reforestation projects in Soc Trang. Ju-Ying Hsiao in Fl. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, generally dehiscing explosively, valves 2. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Our results demonstrate that marinoid J ameliorated cognitive impairments in VD rats. Dobignard, A. Ensaios Doc. Aug 8, 2016 - Avicennia Marina White Mangrove Witseebasboom 3-5 m (10) S A no 669 ;Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Anglo-Egypt. This study was supported by the National Natural Science Fund [21662006, 81903533], Key Program of Science and Technology Department of Guangxi [AB16380009], Chinese Postdoctoral Science Foundation [2016M602920XB], Guangxi Natural Fund General Project [2018GXNSFAA281268], Development Program of High-level Talent Team under Qihuang Project of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine , Guangxi Science and Technology Plan Project [1725920, AD17195025, GKH1510400111, GKCZ121], the Special Fund for Bagui Scholars of Guangxi , and the Project of Guangxi Collaborative Innovation Center for Research on Functional Ingredients of Agricultural Residues [GJKY(2016)8]. A voucher specimen (2017-GXUCM-006) was deposited in the Institute of Marine Drugs, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, China. Leaves leathery with lamina narrow-obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute or … VD is the second most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer disease (Roman 2003). 2015); the positive control group was intragastrically administered oxiracetam solution at 250 mg/kg/d (Xu et al. Com els altres manglars es presenta en les zones entremarees dels estuaris. On the third day, the escape latency was significantly decreased in both marinoid J treated groups (n = 10, p < 0.01), on the fifth day after the start of MWM training, the escape latency of the high-dose marinoid J group was shortened to 31.07 ± 3.74 s. In the probe trial, the VD group exhibited a shorter time in the target quadrant compared to that of the sham group (22.00 ± 3.12% vs. 31.508 ± 2.70%, p < 0.01). mangrove species (Sonneratia caseolaris, Avicennia marina, Rhizophora apiculata) were locally produced (Do Xuan Phuong 2006). The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The Lens serves almost all the patents and scholarly work in the world as a free, open and secure digital public good, with user privacy a paramount focus. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Avicennia marina subsp. These results indicate that marinoid J may exert protective effects by increasing the expression of ACE to inhibit neuronal apoptosis. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps. resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. 2018) was used in the study, briefly, rats were anaesthetised by intraperitoneal injection of 10% chloral hydrate (350 mg/kg) and placed on an alcohol-sterilized surgical plate. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa latifolia Moldenke Avicennia intermedia Griff. Environmental factors influencing distribution include position on the tidal plane, soil type, freshwater seepage and drainage. 2018). Derivation of Name: Saudi Arabia, It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Avicennia marina var. Evaluation of antioxidant activity in fruit extracts of Avicennia Marina L and Avicennia Officinalis L. Int J Pharm. F.W. TAB. 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